The effect of surface and sprinkler irrigation with different salenities on soil and plant

Muhammad ahmad Zainab
General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research ,Administration of Natural Resources.
Faculty of Agriculture, Damascus University


This study was carried out at a station belongs to General Commission OF Scientific Agricultural Research GCSAR in Al-Nashabia, Damascus, during 2007- 2008, in or-der to evaluate the effect of surface and sprinkler irrigation with different salenities on
soil and plant(zea-mayz) to different levels (3, 5, 7, 9 dS.m-1 NaCl + Na2SO4+Mix of both salintes) of salinity stress.
Where the plant(corn) transplantation in the field, with three replicates per treatment, were analyzed the results using test (ANOVA-one way) using a program (spss) statis-tical, The watering experience surface irrigation and sprinkler irrigation in a manner
designed each experiment ( surface irrigation , sprinkler irrigation ) determined ran-domly full (Complete Block Design), treatment consisted of three dozen transactions with brine and three replicates per treatment, a dish of salt stress after the arrival of
most of the plants to complete the process of germination.
Showing the results of the work that the high levels of salts in the growth medium (9, 7 dS.m-1) have caused in general, considered a decline in plant productivity, but low levels (3 dS.m-1) of salts had a role catalyst, where he excelled then productivity indi-cators on the witness and the other transactions significantly in most cases.
Moral differences clearly studied for the following indicators: (EC-Na-Cl-SO4-SAR-TDS) The rest of the indicators did not show significant differences were obvious As for the cations and anions studied in the soil it has emerged.
For irrigation method moral differences clearly emerged between the two views of irrigation for the production recipes, the surface irrigation was the best, the chemical properties not affected by changing the method of irrigation.